Important Topics Cover in SSC CGL Exam


SSC CGL Exam : Cracking a job oriented competitive examination and having a prestigious position in government are every Indian citizen’s dream. Salary, perks, allowances, social security and status are a few reasons for loving such coveted job roles. Many graduates dream of these prospects, try hard and clear the exam at one go. On the other hand, there are some who keep striving day and night but are not able to clear the first level of the examination. Of course, they lose vigor over time and end up taking up jobs in different domain.

Important Topics SSC CGL Exam

The reason for this terrible condition is the lack of smart work from their side and the inability to stick to important topics in every section. Also, they might have failed to focus on the topics that ought to be learnt as they did not know ‘what to study’ and ‘what not to study’. So, any candidate before aiming for any exams should know the important topics that have to be studied. For that, he/she should collect and analyze the trends seen in the previous years’ question papers. And based on the widely discussed topics in the past years, he can start preparing for the upcoming exam too.


The questions asked for SSC CGL Exam every year is also primarily based on the previous years’ question papers.If you want to ace SSC CGL, you should know the syllabus, the pattern of questions and most importantly, the often-covered topics.

SSC CGL Tier 1 Examination Pattern

Section Total No. of Questions Total Marks
General Intelligence & Reasoning 25 50
General Awareness 25 50
Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
English Language 25 50
Total 100 200

Note : These 100 questions should be attempted in 60 minutes too.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Examination Pattern for All Posts

Section Total No. of Questions Total Marks
Quantitative Aptitude 100 200
English Language 200 200

Each Paper has tobe completed in 2 hours. So, time is an inevitable factor in SSC CGL although there is sectional time limit in Tier 1.

Quantitative Aptitude :

SSC CGL exam Tier 1 exam deals with arithmetic questions such as number system, profit and loss, time and distance, time and work, simple and compound interest while Tier 2 is more of advanced mathematics questions such as geometry, trigonometry, mensuration etc. SSC CGL notification gives a detailed account of the topics to be studied for cracking this section but the most important has to be given prominence at any cost. This does not mean you should stay away from other topics. Every topic has to be studied but always bear in mind the weightage given for a set of topics. Plus, practice is the only key to win laurels in this section.

Important Topics under Quantitative Aptitude Section in Tier 1 and 2

Tier 1 Tier 2
Number System Algebra
Average Geometry
Percentage Mensuration
Profit and Loss Trigonometry
Time and Work Data Interpretation
Time and Distance Permutation and Combination


Simple and Compound Interest


Recommended Books:

  1. Quantitative Aptitude- R.S. Aggarwal
  2. Fast Track Objective Arithmetic- Rajesh Verma
  3. Advance Math- Rakesh Yadav

SSC CGL English Language

Even a Postgraduate in English would find it difficult to find out right answers for Tier 2 level. This is because the questions are of high standard and only a grammar nerd can get the appropriate answers. At the same time, Tier 1 level is comparatively easier and are of high school level questions. If you have the habit of reading books, of course you can do wonders in the exam. English Language section is too predictable, and the difficulty level is almost the same every year.

Most of the questions asked in previous years are asked year after year. So even if the candidate goes to the examination hall studying only the important topics, he can ace the section very well. The whole section of English Language can be classified into two: Grammar and Vocabulary. The candidate’s vocabulary is usually tested in Tier 1 while Tier 2 deals with grammar.

Important Topics under English Language Section in Tier 1 and 2
Tier 1 Tier 2
Common Errors Active and Passive Voice
Fill in the Blanks Direct and Indirect Speech
One Word Substitution Cloze Test
Misspelt Words Comprehension Passage
Idioms and Phrases            ———-

Recommended Books :

  1. Word Power Made Easy- Norman Lewis
  2. High School English Grammar and Composition – Wren and Martin
  3. From Plinth to Paramount
  4. Objective General English

SSC CGL General Intelligence and Reasoning

Most candidates score well in this section because the difficulty level normally ranges from easy to moderate. Therefore, a serious and dedicated aspirant would be able to clear this section in a trice. The important topics are as follows:

  1. Analogy
  2. Series
  3. Blood Relation
  4. Syllogism
  5. Odd One Out
  6. Paper Cutting and Folding
  7. Direction Sense Test

Recommended Books:

  1. SSC Reasoning Chapter Wise Solved Papers


SSC CGL General Awareness topics

Sky is the limit for the questions to be asked under this section. Eventhough current affairs are often seen in the question papers and the major part of it covers questions spanning from polity to science and technology to history, there is no way one can find out which topic is frequently asked. So, the candidate SSC CGL Exam should look for current affairs of a year in advance to better understand the concepts. Keep a note of every minute detail of important events of national and international importance because the candidate may be tested on it. For this, newspaper reading is mandatory.

The significant areas of study under General Awareness are – 
  1. Indian History- Empires of India, Religious Movements, Quit India and Civil Disobedience Movement, Viceroys and Governor Generals, Indian National Congress
  2. Indian Polity and Constitution of India- The Preamble, Election of Prime Ministers and Presidents, Stages of Bills, Parliament and Two Houses, Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution
  3. Economics- Tax and Taxation Reforms, GST, Schemes and Policies of Government,Five Year Plan
  4. Science and Technology-Satellites, Drones, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
  5. Current Affairs-Sports, People in News, Awards and Recognitions, Books and Authors, Appointments
  6. Environment- Biodiversity, Committees for Environmental Conservation

Recommended Books :

  1. Kiran SSC General Awareness Book Hindi PDF Download

Now you have a basic understanding of the significant topics of SSC CGL. Understanding and learning well these topics can help you score very well. At the same time, you should not ignore the least important topics because there are chances that questions can be based on them too.

Buy Now Lucent General Knowledge Book 2019 

In that case, taking a risk focusing only on the most significant topics might land you in trouble. So, you should understand that every topic is inevitable although the weightage varies. Be well prepared to face the examination.

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  1. Manish says

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    1. Sarkari Job Help says

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  2. Anurag Negi says

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